Correlations We used non-parametric Spearman correlations to assess relationships between variables, and for normally distributed variables we also used parametric Pearson correlations, but these results showed the same trends and significance levels as the non-parametric correlations. For all further statistical analyses we used SPSS . Emerging trends in evidence and practice. The first dedicated federal funding stream for evaluation of adolescent sexual health programs was established in and has contributed to improvement in the quality and quantity of evaluation research. Santelli JS, Medical accuracy in sexuality education:
Clearly, digital and social media are already playing critical roles at the societal level and can serve as platforms for disseminating innovative, scientifically and medically sound models of sex education to diverse groups of adolescents, including sexual minority adolescents [ 14 , 22 — 24 ]. Consequences of sex education on teen and young adult behaviors and outcomes. Moreover, the study highlights several additional new concerns. Teen pregnancy and birth rate distributions included outliers, but these outliers did not cause the distributions within abstinence education levels to differ significantly from normal, thus all outliers were included in subsequent analyses. Research, program, and policy efforts are urgently needed to identify effective ways to harness media within classroom, clinic, family household, and community contexts to reach the range of key stakeholders [ 13 , 14 , 22 — 24 ]. Their impact on sexual behaviors of young people throughout the world. Santelli JS et al. Department of Health and Human Services; The data are reported as number of teen pregnancies, teen births or teen abortions per one thousand female teens between 15 and 19 years of age. Breuner CC et al. A comprehensive review of evaluation studies. Digital media offer opportunities for youth to confidentially search for information on sensitive topics, and thus are a likely source of sexual health information for young people. We tested for homogeneity of error variances Levene's Test and for equality of covariance matrices Box test between groups. At the state and local program level, models of sex education that are grounded in a broader interdisciplinary body of evidence are warranted [ 4 , 11 — 14 , 27 — 29 ]. Boekeloo BO, Will you ask? Haberland N, Rogow D. Lindberg L, Maddow-Zimet I. Donaldson AA et al. To account for the ethnic diversity among the teen populations in the different states in a multivariate analysis of teen pregnancy and birth rates, we included only the proportion of white and black teens in the state populations as covariates, because the Hispanic teen population numbers were not normally distributed see below. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. As a result, we only report the results for the non-parametric correlations here. Conceptualization, clarification and challenges. Emerging trends in evidence and practice. Results Among the 48 states in this analysis all U. Changes in formal sex education:
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Sex Education 01 - Contraception
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